Myopia is the most common refractive error of the eye. What is myopia exactly? It is the official term for nearsightedness and it has become more prevalent in recent years. Studies have shown that it has grown around 15% greater since the 1970s, and doctors are attributing it to eye fatigue from computer use.
Nearsightedness typically makes it difficult to see distant objects but does not impact one’s ability to see close-up objects. Fatigue while driving or physical activity can be a symptom of untreated myopia, but more common signs are eye strain and headaches.
Myopia occurs when the eyeball is too long, relative to the focus of the cornea, this can cause light rays to focus in the front of the retina rather than on its surface. It can also be caused by the cornea being too curved. Sometimes myopia can be due to these a combination of the two.
For nearsightedness, there are glasses and contact lenses that can correct the issue. High-index lenses and anti-reflective coating are good choices for glasses to correct myopia. You should also consider lenses that can shield your eyes from UV light (photochromic lenses).
Refractive surgery is also an option for treating myopia, but it is not as common as using glasses or contact lenses for treatment.
Your eyesight is important. The sooner you schedule your eye exam, the quicker an issue could be diagnosed and resolved. At Crossroads Optometry, we offer eye exams that are recommended to be scheduled regularly. We also have an inventory of your favorite designer frames, contact lenses and more! If you feel like any of the symptoms above match with your current condition, please don’t wait any longer to have your eyes checked out by specialists. Don’t neglect your vision health!